Assignment: Basic Training Principles
In this study, the use of a reference group was employed in a nontraditional sense to serve as a standard for the subjects in assisted living facilities. The reference group participated in the Stay Active Independent for Life (SAIL) program. The SAIL program is an evidence-based program emphasizing in strength and balance development (Shumway-Cook et al., 2007) The exercise class consisted of 5 minutes of warm-up, 20 minutes of aerobics, 10 minutes of scripted balance exercises, 15 minutes of strength-training exercises, and 10 minutes of flexibility exercises. A trained SAIL instructor led the exercise class.
In addition to the resistance exercise program, the EST group received an educational program once a week prior to the supervised exercise session. The educational program started on week 3 and continued through week 8. These sessions were presented by the same primary investigator and lasted approximately 20 minutes. The topics that were covered included benefits and principles of resistance-training, effects of resistance-training on quality of life and fatigue, effects of resistance- training on arthritis and osteoporosis, effects of resistance-training on falling, atrophy and detrain- ing, and a review.
All groups were assessed at baseline and after the 8-week program using the same instruments. A search for an instrument that effectively measured knowledge of basic training principles, recom- mendations, and benefits of exercise for older adults failed. Thus, a test was developed by the researchers and completed by all individuals. The test was developed by identifying questions related to strength knowledge of first-year undergraduate students enrolled in a health and fitness course; it consisted of 20 true/false and multiple choice questions.
Each participant completed three questionnaires. One was The Quality of Life Profile-Seniors Version survey (QOL-SV), a 27-item questionnaire to determine quality of life. This questionnaire uses a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 being not at all important or satisfied to 5 being extremely important or satisfied. The scores from nine domains were calculated and then summed and
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